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Body Composition

Welcome to my FREE Body Composition page

I recommend keeping a record of your measurements by printing a PDF of your personal stats once a week to track your progress.

This page calculates your

  • Body Mass Index (BMI),
  • Waist-to-Height ratio,
  • Percent body fat,
  • Lean body mass,
  • Daily calorie and protein requirements based on activity level (estimated).

How to Measure

Height – measured without shoes

Weight – taken in the morning without clothes after going to the bathroom and before eating or drinking anything

Waist (Men) – measure horizontally, at the level of the navel

(Women) – measure horizontally, at the level of minimal abdominal width

Neck – measure below the larynx with the tape sloping slightly downward to the front.

Hips (Women only) – Largest horizontal circumference around the hips

The calculations for this page is based on the U.S. Navy Circumference Method. The method to calculate the percentage of body fat requires measurements within 0.5 cm or 1/4 inch. Measurements should be that the tape measure fits snugly but does not compress the skin.

Enter your height, weight, and stats, then click the “Calculate” button.

NAME DATE
English Units Metric Units
Height  feet  inches  centimeters
Weight  pounds  kilograms
Waist  inches  centimeters
Neck  inches  centimeters
Hips (Female)  inches  centimeters
Sex Male
Female
Level of Activity
sedentary Passive activities: Surfing the Net, Watching TV, Driving, Reading
moderate Lively activities: One hour per day walking, swimming, jogging, tennis
active Vigorous activities: Two hours or more Training or playing sports

Powered by MaylingNg.com

Body Mass Index:  
Waist-to-Height ratio:  
Percent Body Fat:  
Lean Body Mass:  

 

 

What do the numbers mean?

Body Mass Index (BMI) – is the ratio of your weight to the square of your height, it can indicate if you are underweight, normal, overweight or obese. People with a BMI 25 or greater are considered overweight, UNLESS they have a very muscular body! The BMI does not consider the fat/muscle ratio, and a healthy, muscular individual with a low percentage of body fat may be classified obese using the BMI formula. This is a well-known deficiency of the BMI formula. If your BMI is 25 or greater, and your Waist-to-Height ratio is less than 0.5 and your Percent Body Fat is in the “athlete” or “fitness” category, you are probably muscular and not fat.

  • BMI less than 18.5-Underweight
  • BMI 18.5 to 24.9-Normal weight
  • BMI 25 to 29.9-Overweigh
  • BMI 30 or greater-Obese

Waist-to-Height Ratio – The Waist-to-Height ratio is determined by dividing the waist circumference by the height. Waist-to-Height ratios of 0.5 or greater are indicative of intra-abdominal fat for both men and women and are associated with a greater risk of cardiovascular disease. A study found that persons with a normal BMI but a large waist circumference, corresponding approximately to a Waist-to-Height ratio of 0.55, had a 20% higher mortality risk than persons with a normal waist size.[7]

Percent Body Fat – The percent body fat is calculated using the formulas developed by Hodgdon and Beckett at the Naval Health Research Center in 1984. The formulas require the measurements to be in centimeters with an accuracy of 0.5 cm. However, the form above has been adjusted to accept measurements in inches. Men and women require different methods for measuring because men accumulate fat mostly in the abdomen (the “apple” body shape or “beer belly”), while women accumulate fat in their abdomen and hips (the “pear” body shape). The equations take this into consideration.

Waist to Hip ratio by MaylingNg.com

Waist Circumference in
Hip Circumference in

The American Council on Exercise uses the following categories based on percentage of body fat:

 

Women

Men

Essential fat   

10-12%

2-4%

Athletes

14-20%

6-13%

Fitness

21-24%

14-17%

Acceptable

25-31%

18-25%

Obese

32% or more

26% or more

Lean Body Mass or Fat-Free Mass – This is derived by subtracting the calculated value of body fat from the total weight.

Lean Body Mass = Weight × (100 – %BodyFat)

Calories per day – The minimum number of Calories per day is calculated based on height and sex according to the guidelines of the Institute of Medicine. When the BMI is 25 or greater, the minimum number of Calories is reduced by 15% to obtain a diet that is not very severe and can be maintained for many months without adverse effects by persons with normal health. The number of Calories may need to be increased depending on the level of activity, but increasing them by more than 15% may not result in loss of weight. To lose weight, your intake of carbohydrates should be less than 60 grams per day (no more than 240 Calories) distributed throughout the day.

Grams of protein per day – This value is calculated from the maximum normal BMI, your height, and your level of activity. It corresponds to 0.8 grams of protein per Kilogram of body weight which is the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for low levels of activity, 1.1 grams for moderate activity, and 1.4 grams for vigorous activity. Other components of the diet, including essential fatty acids and carbohydrates should be proportioned to provide the minimum required Calories per day. For men and women of equal height the caloric requirements are lower for women, but the protein requirements are the same for both men and women. This means that, in general, women’s diets should be richer in protein than men’s diets. Any diet should always include at least the minimum amount of protein to prevent loss of muscle tissue when the caloric intake is reduced. A typical high-protein diet would derive 30% of the Calories from protein, 30% from fat, and 40% from carbohydrate. A low carbohydrate weight-loss diet generally derives 25% of the Calories from protein, 65% from fat, and 10% from carbohydrate. The tables below show that these percentages provide more than the minimum protein requirement for 2000- and 1800-calorie diets. The U.S. Government Recommended Diet is used as the basis for the “% Daily Values” that are listed on the “Nutrition Facts” labels in food products.

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